Carnivore Lower Urinary Tract

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Designed for Veterinary Students, this web site presents Embryonic Development, Anatomy, Innervation, Physiology, and a Clinical Case pertaining to the lower urinary tract of the dog and cat. In addition, there is a Knowledge Self-Assessment section featuring True/False quizzes geared for instruction, rather than grading; each quiz page is linked to a pop-up tutorial page.

NOTE: If a border appears when you mouse-over an image, you may click the image to view addtional information, an enlarged image, or an animation.

Carnivore Lower Urinary Tract Web Site
© 2009, 2018
T.F. Fletcher, DVM, PhD (
J. P.Lulich, DVM, PhD (
C. A. Osborne, DVM, PhD (

Supported by University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine

The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer.

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